Sunday, November 27, 2022

How To Treat Stomach Virus In Toddler

Replace Lost Fluids And Electrolytes

How to Cure the Stomach Flu Bug Naturally | Remedies to Ease Norovirus Vomiting in Children

When you have viral gastroenteritis, you need to replace lost fluids and electrolytes to prevent dehydration or treat mild dehydration. You should drink plenty of liquids. If vomiting is a problem, try sipping small amounts of clear liquids.

Most adults with viral gastroenteritis can replace fluids and electrolytes with liquids such as

  • water
  • broths

Eating saltine crackers can also help replace electrolytes.

If your child has viral gastroenteritis, you should give your child an oral rehydration solutionsuch as Pedialyte, Naturalyte, Infalyte, and CeraLyteas directed to replace lost fluids and electrolytes. Oral rehydration solutions are liquids that contain glucose and electrolytes. Talk with a doctor about giving these solutions to your infant. Infants should drink breast milk or formula as usual.

Older adults, adults with a weakened immune system, and adults with severe diarrhea or symptoms of dehydration should also drink oral rehydration solutions.

What Is Stomach Flu In Toddlers

Stomach flu is an infection that affects parts of the gastrointestinal tract . Commonly referred to as the stomach bug, the infection develops when pathogens attack the gastrointestinal tract and cause widespread inflammation of the digestive system, making it dysfunctional.

The infection can affect any part of the digestive system from the stomach to the large intestine. A slew of bacteria and viruses cause this infection in babies.

  • Cryptosporidium
  • Strongyloides stercoralis

Viruses alone contribute to about 75-90% of stomach flu cases among toddlers . Rotavirus is the leading cause of gastroenteritis in the world while norovirus is the most common reason for gastroenteritis in the US . Parasites account for less than 5% of the cases.

Kids And The Stomach Flu

Gastroenteritis, also known as the stomach flu, is inflammation in the digestive tract, including the stomach and the small and large intestines. It is very common, especially in children. Although gastroenteritis is sometimes called stomach flu, the seasonal influenza virus does not cause it. It is most commonly caused by a virus, such as the rotavirus, but may also be caused by bacteria or parasites. Vaccines are available to protect children from rotavirus. Your pediatrician can explain your options for vaccinating your baby.

CAUSES AND SYMPTOMSViruses that cause the stomach flu can be found in the vomit and diarrhea of infected people. They can live for a long time outside the body. People who are infected with the virus can spread it to objects they touch, especially if they do not wash their hands after using the bathroom or changing a diaper.

Symptoms of the stomach flu usually begin about one to two days after the virus gets into the body. Common symptoms include nausea, vomiting and watery diarrhea. Other possible symptoms are headache, fever, chills and stomachache.

THE DANGERS OF DEHYDRATIONThe most dangerous consequence of the stomach flu is dehydration, says Dr. Jeffrey Ho, CHOC pediatric gastroenterologist. Infants and young children in particular can become dehydrated very easily. Call your childs doctor right away if you notice any signs of dehydration.

In rare cases, children may need treatment for severe dehydration with IV fluids.

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Stomach Flu In Toddlers: Causes Symptoms And Home Remedies

The stomach flu is one of the most serious health problems that affect babies and toddlers. Also called gastroenteritis, stomach flu can be caused by several factors, but the common flu virus is not one of them .

Keep reading this MomJunction post to know all about stomach flu in toddlers, its causes, and ways to manage the disease right at home.

When Should I Take My Child To The Doctor For Stomach Flu

The 25+ best Remedies for stomach flu ideas on Pinterest ...

Symptoms of gastroenteritis typically go away on their own after about two days, but Udeshi and Tan recommend contacting a healthcare provider for the following in kids of all ages:

  • Vomiting that lasts more than several consecutive hours.

  • Severe diarrhea.

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How To Prevent Stomach Flu In Toddlers

Preventing stomach flu in babies and toddlers is easier than you think. Here are the steps to follow:

  • Vaccination: Get the baby the rotavirus vaccine, which is available at private and government dispensaries. Speak to your babys pediatrician about it. Immunization can significantly minimize the risk of contracting the stomach flu caused by rotavirus .
  • Provide well-prepared, clean food and clean water: Always give home-cooked meals to your older infants and toddlers. It prevents exposure to pathogens that can cause stomach flu. Also, make sure that the water your toddler drinks is boiled and cooled.
  • Maintain personal hygiene: Washing the toddlers hands before eating and after using the toilet can prevent the infection. Young infants may not use their hands to eat but tend to put their hands or objects in their mouth. So keep their hands clean and disinfect the babys things regularly using a baby-safe soap and warm water.
  • Good hygiene across the house: Your child may unknowingly catch the infection from another family member. Ensuring that all the members of the house adhere to hygienic practices can protect the baby from the infection. Parents should ideally wear gloves when handling the babys potty and then wash hands. You must wash hands every time you change the babys diaper to prevent the spreading of the infection accidentally.

References:

Key Points To Remember About Gastroenteritis

If your baby is less than 6 months old and has vomiting or diarrhoea you should see a doctor urgently. Babies can become dehydrated quickly.

  • gastroenteritis is a bowel infection causing diarrhoea, and sometimes vomiting
  • diarrhoea means runny, watery poo
  • children need to drink plenty of fluids if they have gastro
  • give small amounts of fluid often
  • gastro can cause dehydration, especially in babies and young children
  • watch for signs of dehydration and take your child to see a doctor urgently if you suspect it
  • if your baby is less than 6 months old and has vomiting and/or diarrhoea you should see a doctor urgently – babies can become dehydrated and unwell quickly

Read Also: What Food Makes Your Stomach Feel Better

Viral Gastroenteritis In Children

Viral gastroenteritis is often called stomach flu. But it’s not really related to the flu or influenza. It’s irritation of the stomach and intestines due to infection with a virus. Most children with viral gastroenteritis get better in a few days without a healthcare providers treatment. Because a child with gastroenteritis may have trouble keeping fluids down, he or she is at risk for fluid loss and should be watched closely.

Give Some Essential Oils A Try

Medical Conditions & Treatments : How to Treat the Stomach Flu

Essential oils are a powerful tool to have on hand and can offer relief, relaxation and healing properties.

Digestzen , peppermint, On Guard and frankincense are great options for combatting your childâs stomach bug and also boosting their immune system!

You could diffuse the antiviral oils and also put them on the bottom of your childâs feet along with peppermint.

When rubbing the oils onto their feet I would rotate through them, doing no more than two oils at once.

Digestzen is going to be a winner for helping with stomach pains and nausea. I love the rollerball you can buy from DoTerra since it is already pre-diluted.

Rub it onto your childâs tummy and massage in a clockwise motion.

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How To Prevent Stomach Flu

  • Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • Get your child vaccinated against rotavirus.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly before eating and after using the loo.
  • Do not share personal utensils with an infected person until he/she recovers.
  • Avoid drinking chilled water.
  • Do not consume raw meat or raw foods like sushi.
  • Disinfect all the hard surfaces at your home if any of your family members have gastroenteritis.
  • Avoid sending your child to the daycare centre until they recover completely to prevent the infection from spreading.
  • Get ample rest and sleep well.

As already discussed, there is no specific medical treatment for gastroenteritis. Rest and hydration, coupled with the remedies mentioned above, can help in speeding up your recovery from gastroenteritis without any further complications.

Infants and older adults who have stomach flu should be given extra care as this infection can prove to be life-threatening, given their compromised immunity.

Contact a doctor immediately if your symptoms worsen, or you develop a high fever , are unable to keep liquids down for more than 24 hours or exhibit signs of dehydration, vomit blood, or have bloody diarrhea.

What Not To Drink

Most likely, you wont be in the mood for these during a bout of stomach flu anyway, but avoid:

  • caffeinated drinks like coffee, strong black tea, and chocolate, which can affect your sleep at a time when getting enough rest is crucial
  • alcohol, which acts as a diuretic.

All of these things can also upset your stomach.

Keeping food down can be difficult with the stomach flu. Dont force yourself to eat if the mere thought of food makes you cringe. When you do finally feel you can get something down, its best to start slow and simple.

The BRAT diet bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast can be your go-to when it comes to an uneasy stomach. These four foods are easy to digest, contain carbohydrates to give you energy, and replenish nutrients:

  • Bananas: Bananas are easy to digest, can replace the potassium you lose from vomiting and diarrhea, and strengthens stomach lining.
  • Rice: White rice is easy for your body to process and provides energy from carbs. Brown rice has too much fiber and may produce excess gas.
  • Applesauce: Applesauce provides an energy boost due to the carbs and sugars, and it contains pectin, which can help with diarrhea. Its also easy to digest.
  • Toast: Avoid whole-wheat bread, as fiber can be difficult on the digestive system. White bread is processed and easier to digest.

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Go To The Doctor If Your Child Is Very Sick

Take your child to the doctor if they:

  • Vomit often.
  • Show any signs of dehydration.
  • Have blood in their bowel motion
  • Have significant abdominal pain.

Babies under 6 months who have gastroenteritis may need extra visits to the doctor they need to be checked again after 6 to 12 hours. Your doctor can advise what other steps to take.

Do not give medicines to reduce the vomiting or diarrhoea.

What Are The Symptoms Of Stomach Flu In Kids

How to Treat a Sick Toddler

According to Dr. Tina Q. Tan, attending physician, Division of Infectious Diseases at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Childrens Hospital of Chicago, stomach flu symptoms typically appear 24-48 hours after exposure to the virus. Heres what to look for:

  • Fever .

  • Abdominal cramping.

  • Nausea and vomiting.

With babies and toddlers, look for fever, fussiness, vomiting and diarrhea, Tan explains. They may not be able to verbalize nausea or abdominal cramping.

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How Is Stomach Flu Diagnosed

Heres how a pediatrician will diagnose stomach flu in toddlers:

  • Symptomatic diagnosis: In most cases, the doctor can identify the condition by assessing the symptoms. If the details of the symptoms are insufficient or inconclusive, then the doctor will proceed to other diagnostic methods.
  • Stool test: Stool test helps determine the precise cause of gastroenteritis. A sample of stool is collected for laboratory analysis to identify the pathogen causing the infection.
  • Blood test: Blood tests determine the presence of pathogens in the blood and also the antibodies produced by the immune system.
  • Expect The Stinger Of Vomiting

    Sometimes, however, a kid on the mend will eat before his gut is healthy enough to handle it. I cant tell you how many times I get this phone call:

    My child vomited for a day or two and then seemed fine, but then threw up again two days later! The stomach bug isnt getting better!

    This is so common, in fact, that I make a point to warn parents about it when I first diagnose their child with a stomach bug .

    Whats happening here is that the childs gut has started to heal enough that his appetite is coming backbut not healed enough to handle the type or amount of food he just ate.

    In this scenario, your child isnt getting sick again hes on the mend, but needs to go a bit more slowly with the food for a few more days.

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    The Dangers Of Dehydration

    The most damaging consequence of the stomach flu is dehydration, states Dr. Jeffrey Ho, CHOC pediatric gastroenterologist. Babies and young children in particular can become dehydrated very easily. Call your childs doctor straight away if you notice any signs of dehydration.Parents should observe for signs of dehydration which include decreased urine output, dry skin, dizziness, thirst, and dark-colored urine. In children, signs of dehydration are:

    • Dry diapers .
    • Lack of tears.
    • The spot at the top of a babys head.

    Is Stomach Flu Contagious

    The Stomach Flu: When Should You Go to the ER?

    Yes! Usually a virus causes the stomach flu. Symptoms appear one to three days after exposure, so you are contagious before you begin to develop symptoms.

    And even after youve recovered from your symptoms, you can remain contagious for up to two weeks. Children can remain contagious for an even longer period afterward.

    To decrease the risk of passing it onto others, do not go to work or school with symptoms. If you have a fever, wait until its gone for 24 hours before returning to your routine.

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    How Can I Help Prevent The Flu In My Child

    The best way to prevent flu is to have the yearly flu vaccine. The flu vaccine is given as a shot . A nasal spray is not recommended for the 2017-2018 flu season. The CDC says this is because the nasal spray did not seem to protect against the flu over the last several flu seasons.

    Each year, a new flu vaccine is available before the start of the flu season. Talk with your healthcare provider if you have questions about how vaccines work and how well they prevent flu. The first time a child between the ages of 6 months and 8 years gets a flu vaccine, he or she will need a second flu vaccine one month later.

    The vaccine is advised for all children 6 months and older. But for some children, its more critical for them to get a flu shot. The flu shot should be given to any child who has any of these:

    • A long-term heart or lung condition

    • An endocrine disorder such as diabetes

    • A kidney or liver disorder

    • Weak immune system from HIV/AIDS or long-term steroids

    • A blood disorder such as sickle cell disease

    A flu shot should also be given to:

    • A child who has a family member with a chronic health condition

    • A child or teen taking aspirin as long-term therapy

    • A child with parents or caregivers at high risk of complications from the flu

    Some side effects of the vaccine can be like mild flu symptoms, but the vaccine does not cause the flu. Possible side effects of the flu vaccine include:

    And you can help prevent your child spreading the flu to others if you:

    Expect Rebound Constipation After Diarrhea

    Yup, out of the frying pan and into the fire.

    We talked about how the intestinal villi in the small intestine help absorb nutrients from food. Well, we havent talked about the large intestine. This guys only job is to suck water out of poop so that you dont have diarrhea all the time. Thats it.

    With a stomach virus, the large intestine isnt usually affectedat least, not as much as the stomach and small intestine usually are. And thats helpful, because if the large intestine couldnt do its job during a stomach virus infection, then diarrhea would be WAY worse.

    When your child has diarrhea, the large intestine starts to work overtime, sucking as much water out of the poop as possible to try and minimize the diarrhea. But after the small intestines villi start to heal and the poop making it to the large intestine is getting less diarrhea-like, there can sometimes be a lag in how quickly the large intestine recognizes that. Add this to the fact that there hasnt been much solid food in your childs belly for a while and the result is that many kids with diarrhea will end up constipated for a few days after the diarrhea has gotten better.

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    Follow These Steps To Help With Vomiting:

  • Hold off on food.
  • We parents have a hard time seeing our kids not eating. But heres the thingif you had an upset stomach, you probably wouldnt eat for a day or two. Food is great and all, but remember that the most important thing is to keep your child hydrated. Focus on hydration firstits okay if your child doesnt eat for a few days as long as she stays hydrated.

  • Know what drinks you should give.
  • If your child cant keep any food down, then dont try to keep her hydrated with water. Giving water alone will dilute out the electrolytes in your childs bloodstream. This is bad. Instead, you need to give something that has a small amount of sugar, plus sodium and potassium. Oral rehydration fluids like Pedialyte are designed to perfectly match what the body needs to stay hydrated. Sports drinks like Gatorade are a somewhat acceptable second choice if you cant find Pedialyte or need something in a pinch.

    For babies, breastmilk or formula are fine, as long as your baby can keep it down. The best approach is to start with small volumes of milk, which brings us to #3.

  • Start with frequent, small amounts of fluids.
  • *This is the most important stepand skipping it is the most common reason parents have a hard time with vomiting. If you give your child a full bottle or glass of something to drink, youre basically asking them to throw it back up at you.

  • Know when to bring food back.
  • Monitor closely for dehydration using the guidelines above.
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