Causes Of Stomach Tightness
Food poisoning, stomach viruses, irritable bowel syndrome, and overeating can cause stomach tightness, pressure, and back pain.
Serious problems such as bowel perforation, intestinal obstruction, and infections such as appendicitis can also cause abdominal defenses, tension in the abdomen to prevent movement of painful areas, and back pain.
Depending on the cause, abdominal pain may be felt as a dull, sharp, cramping pain, or a sudden stabbing sensation. When people complain of abdominal pain, they sometimes describe pain that spreads throughout the entire abdominal region and may not be directly related to an organ known as the stomach.
Are Fodmaps Bad For Everyone
Not at all. In fact, our digestive systems are designed to process some foods that we cant fully digest ourselves for example, dietary fiber, which has an important place in digestive health. And feeding the bacteria in our gut is part of our symbiotic arrangement with those bacteria. But some people with sensitive guts experience a level of indigestion from these foods that significantly impacts their quality of life. For these people, the byproducts of fermentation cause chronic symptoms of gas, bloating, abdominal pain and distension. The extra water drawn by the small intestine may cause diarrhea in excess, or constipation if there isnt enough.
Microbiotics Are A Good Idea When You Feel Bloated
There are numerous helpers in the intestine. The intestinal bacteria are of particular importance. There are good and bad representatives of these in the digestive tract. As long as the good bacteria have the upper hand, well-being is assured.
If this delicate balance is upset by medication, stress, illness or unfavorable living conditions, numerous complaints can result. These include bloating, flatulence and nausea.
Recommended Reading: How To Get Flat Stomach At Home
What Is Bloating In The Stomach
It’s common to feel like your belly is tight, full, and swollen. When your gut is full of food or stool, it’s normal for your belly to stick out a bit more than it did when you first woke up. However, with stomach and bloating, there is more at play.
Many people refer to this issue as stomach bloating, but it is also called distended stomach or distended abdomen. People often describe the sensation as similar to a balloon being blown up in your belly. Women often report looking like they’re several months pregnant. It might also be accompanied by other unpleasant symptoms, such as belching,flatulence, and abdominal discomfort.
There are multiple causes of stomach bloating, and thankfully, there are plenty of remedies and treatments as well.
What Causes Stomach Fullness When Not Eating Anything
There are numerous instances in which you may experience feelings of fullness without eating. Some conditions and illnesses can cause this occurrence, generally ailments associated with one’s liver and/or stomach. If you find that you are feeling full without eating, then you should speak with your doctor to ascertain the exact cause of this phenomenon and get the proper treatment.
Don’t Miss: Can Infants Sleep On Their Stomach
How Do I Live With Functional Dyspepsia
Functional disorders like FD are complex. They often involve the brain and nervous system, diet and lifestyle factors as well as organic causes in your digestive system. Thats what makes them so tricky for both patients and healthcare providers to manage. Medical testing can help rule things out, but often cant tell you exactly whats going on. In the end, you are the one in the best position to notice what makes your symptoms better or worse. As you try out different therapies and work to reduce your triggers, youll find your own way to live with functional dyspepsia.
The Feeling Of Fullness And Symptoms Of Severe Indigestion
Indigestion, medically known as dyspepsia, is the most common cause of the feeling of fullness in the stomach and manifests as pain or uncomfortable feeling in the upper area of the abdomen during or after meals. Other symptoms associated with indigestion are the following:
- Pain and burning between the breastbone and the part of the navel.
- Feeling of fullness in the stomach when eating or finishing eating.
- Nausea or vomiting
- Cold sweats
Usually, if it occurs promptly, indigestion does not represent any health problem. Everyone goes through indigestion at some point in their life. Some of the causes that cause dyspepsia in a specific way are:
- Eat a lot.
- Suffering from stress or anxiety.
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Eating foods that are too fatty or spicy.
However, if it happens to us regularly, it is because there is some underlying problem or underlying disease. In this case, when indigestion is often repeated, it is necessary to go to the doctor to make an accurate diagnosis. Some of these diseases that can cause dyspepsia are:
- The intake of medications such as NSAIDs or antibiotics.
In addition, there are a series of symptoms that we must keep in mind and that, if they appear together with those that we have explained previously, can warn us that there is a health problem. We must go immediately to the doctor if there is:
- Presence of blood in the stool or vomit.
- Problems with swallowing.
Read Also: What Does An Ulcer Feel Like In Your Stomach
What Causes Bloating In The Stomach
Gas is a natural byproduct of digestion, but too much intestinal gas means your digestion is gone awry. While you can ingest gasses by swallowing air or drinking carbonated beverages, these gasses mostly escape through belching before they reach your intestines. Gasses in your intestines are mostly produced by gut bacteria digesting carbohydrates, in a process called fermentation.
If theres too much fermentation going on, its because too many carbohydrates werent naturally absorbed earlier in the digestive process, before reaching those gut bacteria. That could be for several reasons. Maybe you just ate too much too fast for proper digestion. Or you might have a specific food intolerance or gastrointestinal disease. Some possible causes include:
These can include solids, liquids, and gas. Digestive contents can build up in your digestive system when there is a backup or restriction in your digestive tract or when the muscles that move digestive contents along are somehow impaired. Any build-up of digestive contents along the digestive tract will leave less room for normal amounts of gas to process through. It also leaves less room for other things in your abdomen, including circulatory fluids and fat, making everything feel tighter. Causes of build-up can include:
What Can I Eat On The Low
Certain fruits, vegetables, grains and proteins are higher and lower in FODMAPs. Some are OK to eat in limited amounts but will bother you in larger amounts. For example, most legumes and processed meats are high in FODMAPs, but plain-cooked meats, tofu and eggs are low-FODMAP protein sources. Apples, watermelon and stone fruits are high in FODMAPs, but grapes, strawberries and pineapples are OK. A ripe banana is high in fructose, but you can have up to a third cut up in your cereal, or you can have a whole one if its not quite ripe. Your dietician can help provide you with these kinds of specific guidelines for your diet.
Recommended Reading: Can Anxiety Affect Your Stomach
Drinking Too Much Soda
Carbonated beverages, such as soda or sparkling water, are a common reason for bloating. The fizz in your favorite sodas can cause gas to get trapped in your stomach, which can lead to bloating and belching.
Try limiting the amount of soda you drink and switch to a healthier alternative. Water with cucumber or lemon can offer a flavorful drink with your meal, and black tea can provide the caffeine kick you may need in the early afternoon. If youre already feeling bloated, peppermint tea is a common remedy that can be used to help reduce the discomfort.
Quick And Effective Relief From Stomach Pressure
In order to relieve the annoying feeling of pressure in the stomach, especially if combined with other symptoms, it is advisable to use preparations which not only balance stomach movement, but also soothe the irritated nerves in the digestive tract. With its combination of nine medically effective medicinal plants, Iberogast® can provide comprehensive support in the treatment of functional gastrointestinal disorders: thanks to the numerous herbal ingredients, functional and motility-related symptoms can be quickly alleviated and the unpleasant feeling of pressure in the stomach is relieved, too.
If the symptoms persist or e.g. are occurring increasingly independent of the meals, a visit to the doctor is advisable – just to clarify that a more serious disease of the stomach is not responsible for the feeling of pressure in your stomach.
Recommended Reading: What Can Cause Stomach Cramps And Nausea
How To Prevent Bloating
Typically, the first line of treatment for preventing gas and bloating is changing your diet. Research has shown that a low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols diet can reduce the symptoms of gas and IBS. A low FODMAP diet avoids fermentable, gas-producing food ingredients, such as:
- Oligosaccharides, which are found in wheat, onions, garlic, legumes and beans
- Disaccharides, such as lactose in milk, yogurt and ice cream
- Monosaccharides, including fructose , apples and pears
- Polyols or sugar alcohols found in foods such as apricots, nectarines, plums and cauliflower, as well as many chewing gums and candies
In people sensitive to FODMAP-rich foods, the small intestine doesn’t always fully absorb these carbohydrates, and instead passes them to the colon, where they are fermented by bacteria and produce gas. To see if some of the FODMAP foods are causing your gas and bloating you can start by cutting out FODMAP foods and then slowly bringing them back into your diet one at a time to pinpoint any foods that are causing the problems.
In the long run, the key to preventing bloating is understanding its cause. If mild constipation is the problem, a fiber-rich diet, water and exercise may help, but these steps wont always work for chronic constipation. Chronic constipation and other conditions, such as IBS or gastroparesis, require medical treatment, so its important to talk to your doctor about your bloating symptoms.
Treatment Of Feeling Full Without Eating Much
Treatment depends on the cause:
- When the cause of feeling of fullness is due to presence of a tumor in the stomach, it is treated with surgery or chemoradiation.
- Liquidizing of the food so that it passes in an easy way through the upper gut region.
- To consume butter, milk, milkshakes, cheese and ice-creams.
- Medicines called prokinetics such as domperidone and metoclopramide will help to improve gastric emptying.
- The use of nasogastric tube, which bypasses the stomach and is placed endoscopically.
- Consumption of food by using artificial liquid feed, which can be used to supplement intake of the food and can be given either on day or at night while sleeping.
- Occasionally, stents are placed to open the stomach to allow passage of sloppy foods.
- In the case of ascites or fluid in the abdomen compressing the stomach, some amount of the fluid needs to be removed.
- Finally, some surgeons will give parenteral nutrition. This is a special form of nutrition given through a central line or PICC line into the patients blood circulation.
Besides medical treatment, there are certain non-conservative treatments to be followed:
Also Check: How Do You Know If You Have Low Stomach Acid
Does Functional Dyspepsia Ever Go Away
Among those who seek medical care for their functional dyspepsia, only 20% report permanent relief. How long does functional dyspepsia last? For most people, its a chronic condition that comes and goes indefinitely, depending on many factors. The best thing you can do is to try and manage your symptoms as they arise, and try to develop an awareness of the foods, stress triggers and lifestyle habits that affect your symptoms. The good news is that FD is not a dangerous or progressive condition. It should get better at least at times, and it shouldnt get worse.
Could It Be Acid Reflux
A kind of discomfort some people experience after eating, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is another cause of early satiety. Food or the acids your stomach uses to break it down can flow back up into your esophagus, which is the tube that connects the throat and stomach. The lining of that tube may become irritated and cause discomfort in several ways.
- A bitter or sour aftertaste
- Chest pains
- A dry cough, hoarseness, or sore throat
- The sensation of a lump in your throat
- Difficulty swallowing
Doctors can recommend a variety of treatments for acid reflux, from adjustments in your diet and in the timing of meals to surgery in the worst cases. Your doctor may also suggest weight loss as another way to treat it.
Also Check: Does Stomach Cancer Cause Nausea
Inflammation Of The Gastric Mucosa
When it comes to bloating and flatulence, gastritis is also a possibility. In particular, if a feeling of fullness in the stomach occurs shortly after eating and is accompanied by severe nausea or vomiting, gastritis may be the cause. The stomach disease can be triggered by viruses , bacteria and drugs .
Among the bacteria, the so-called Helicobacter pylori is the most severe. It can promote stomach ulcers, which are accompanied by a chronic feeling of fullness, abdominal pain and nausea. Helicobacter pylori is now also considered to be the most important risk factor for stomach cancer.
Could It Be Cancer
Itâs hard to think about, but a tumor in one of the organs in your abdomen also may bring on early satiety. For example, as stomach cancer gets worse, it is common for someone to feel fuller than normal. Other symptoms of cancer in the lining of your stomach include severe indigestion, nausea and vomiting, and a bloated feeling after you eat.
Tumors in the small intestine also can make you feel full despite not eating much. Symptoms of those cancers include pain in your abdomen, nausea, weight loss, and bleeding inside your intestine.
Cancer of the pancreas sometimes causes early satiety. The pancreas is an organ behind your lower stomach that aids digestion. Abdominal pain that reaches your back, loss of appetite, weight loss, and yellowing in your skin and eyes can be signs of a tumor in the pancreas.
Also Check: What To Take If Your Stomach Hurts
How Is Ascites Treated
Limiting sodium in your diet is crucial for treating ascites. For people with ascites, recommended sodium intake is less than 2,000 to 4,000 milligrams a day.
A dietitian can help create a healthy eating plan for you. You may also need to take diuretics . These water pills help fluid and sodium leave your body.
What Are Complications Of Ascites
Ascites can lead to:
- Abdominal problems: The fluid buildup may lead to pain, discomfort and difficulty breathing. These symptoms can interfere with your ability to eat, walk and do daily activities.
- Infection: The fluids can become infected, called spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. You may have fever and stomach pain. Call your healthcare provider if you have these symptoms. Youll need IV antibiotics and long-term antibiotic treatment to keep the infection from coming back.
- Hepatic hydrothorax, or fluid in the lungs: Abdominal fluid fills the lung, usually on the right side. You may experience shortness of breath, cough, chest discomfort and hypoxemia . You may need thoracentesis to remove the fluid.
- Ascites-related hernias: The increase in abdominal pressure can lead to hernias, specifically umbilical and inguinal hernias. Your healthcare provider will discuss your treatment options.
- Kidney failure: If cirrhosis worsens, it may lead to kidney failure .
Also Check: How To Reduce Gas In Stomach
Could It Be An Ulcer
Sometimes stomach acid can eat away part of the lining of your small intestine or stomach. Then a shallow crater can form in the lining. This crater is called a peptic ulcer, and it can interfere with your normal digestion. Peptic ulcers are often caused by infection and develop as you get older. More men get them than women do.
Peptic ulcers may come and go over the years even if you treat them. When they flare up, you may vomit or feel the fatigue and weakness of anemia. With that condition, your body doesnât have the iron it needs to create red blood cells that carry oxygen. But the most common symptom of peptic ulcers, not surprisingly, is pain. You may experience that pain:
If they arenât properly treated, peptic ulcers can eat all the way through the gut lining or wear away at the wall of a blood vessel until it bursts. That is a medical emergency, so if you are having a painful episode, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.
Questions To Ask Your Doctor
- Do I need a test to diagnose lactose intolerance?
- Why do certain foods cause my bloating when they never used to?
- What can I do if I have diabetesand my medicine or artificial sweeteners cause bloating?
- Could my bloating be a sign of something more serious?
- What kind of tests will I need?
- What kind of over-the-counter medicine can I try?
Don’t Miss: How To Get Rid Of My Stomach Pouch
Could It Be Gastroparesis
The most frequent cause of early satiety is a condition called gastroparesis. When your stomach is working right, it contracts to crush food, which it then sends to your intestines. But with gastroparesis, your stomach canât contract like it should, so food builds up there instead. Gastroparesis can be caused by diabetes, cancer, and other diseases, infections, and surgery, just to name a few.
Apart from feeling full after a normal meal, youâll often feel bloated with gastroparesis. Other common symptoms are:
- Stomach pain.
- Nausea and vomiting. You may need to throw up hours after you last ate.
- Shakiness, nervousness, and irritability. These feelings may result from your blood sugar level dropping because food stays in your stomach.
- Constipation. You have fewer bowel movements, and they may hurt.
- Heartburn. This feels like a burning sensation in your chest.
- A poor appetite. You already feel full, so you arenât hungry often.
- Weight loss. The rest of your body is not getting enough nutrients and calories.
If these symptoms linger for days or weeks without improving, you should call a doctor. One of the first steps theyâll take is to figure out the cause so that it can be treated. You may need to change your diet or eating schedule, or take medication.