What’s The Sign Of Stomach Cancer

What Are The Signs Of Gastric Cancer

What are the Symptoms of Colon Cancer?

It is not common to have symptoms of stomach cancer until the cancer is quite advanced. If you do develop symptoms, you may have:

  • Weight loss can be related to poor appetite or early satiety .
  • Discomfort and pain in the belly.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Enlarged belly from fluid buildup.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the underarms, belly button, and clavicle .

The symptoms of stomach cancer can be the symptoms seen in many other illnesses such as peptic ulcer disease and gastritis. Often, treatment for these conditions will be tried first, as these are much more common than gastric cancer. If your symptoms continue, it is important to talk with your provider about further testing.

How Can I Prevent Gastric Cancer

Because there is no one risk factor directly associated with gastric cancer, there is no specific way to prevent it. However, there are ways to prevent cancer in general. These include a balanced diet low in smoked foods, pickled foods and preserved or heavily salted meats and fish. You should try to eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins. Maintaining a healthy way of life and staying active can also help prevent cancer.

Avoid tobacco use. If you use tobacco, you should quit as tobacco use has been shown to cause many types of cancer. If you need help quitting, you should speak with your healthcare provider.

Since H. pylori infections have been linked to the development of gastric cancers, quick treatment of H. pylori infections may decrease the number of gastric cancers. However, if treating H. Pylori actually reduces the risk of gastric cancer remains controversial.

About Dr Cathy Barnette Dvm

Dr. Barnette is a veterinarian and freelance writer based in Florida. Her 14 years of experience in small animal clinical practice have allowed her to witness firsthand the communication gaps that often exist between pet owners and members of the veterinary team. Her goal is to create engaging content that educates owners, empowering them to make the best possible decisions for their pets. Dr. Barnette has two cats of her own, in addition to a dog and a pet dove.

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How Can I Prevent Stomach Cancer

Treat stomach infections. If you have ulcers from an H. pylori infection, get treatment. Antibiotics can kill the bacteria, and other drugs will heal the sores in the lining of your stomach to cut your risk of cancer.

Eat healthy. Get more fresh fruits and vegetables on your plate every day. Theyâre high in fiber and in some vitamins that can lower your cancer risk. Avoid very salty, pickled, cured, or smoked foods like hot dogs, processed lunch meats, or smoked cheeses. Keep your weight at a healthy level, too. Being overweight or obese can also raise your risk of the disease.

Donât smoke. Your stomach cancer risk doubles if you use tobacco.

Watch aspirin or NSAID use. If you take daily aspirin to prevent heart problems or NSAID drugs for arthritis, talk to your doctor about how these drugs might affect your stomach.

Age Diet And Stomach Disease Can Affect The Risk Of Developing Gastric Cancer

Anything that increases your risk of getting a disease is called a risk factor. Having a risk factor does not mean that you will get cancer not having risk factors doesn’t mean that you will not get cancer. Talk with your doctor if you think you may be at risk. Risk factors for gastric cancer include the following:

  • Eating a diet high in salted, smoked foods and low in fruits and vegetables.
  • Eating foods that have not been prepared or stored properly.
  • Being older or male.
  • Having a mother, father, sister, or brother who has had stomach cancer.

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Questions To Ask Your Doctor

  • I have a stomach ulcer. Am I more likely to get stomach cancer?
  • Will eating a healthy diet help me to prevent getting stomach cancer?
  • My father had stomach cancer. Should I be tested for it?
  • What is the best treatment for my stomach cancer?
  • Will I be able to eat normally after my treatment?
  • After my treatment, will I have to come back often to make sure my stomach cancer doesnt come back?
  • During and after treatment, should I quit drinking alcohol?

Abdominal Pain Or Discomfort

Everyone gets stomach aches every so often. However, pain or discomfort in the abdomen is one of the common warning signs of stomach cancer, especially when it occurs above the navel. Stomach cancer can also cause swelling or fluid build-up in the abdomen.

The abnormal growth of cells that start in the stomach can place pressure on nearby organs and irritate the lining of the abdomen. As such, you should seek medical attention if these symptoms last more than a couple of days.

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What Happens At The Gp Appointment

The GP may feel your tummy.

They may ask you to give a poo or pee sample, or have a blood test.

The GP may refer you to see a specialist in hospital for more tests if they think you have a condition that needs to be investigated.

This may be an urgent referral, usually within 2 weeks, if you have certain symptoms. This does not definitely mean you have cancer.

Faqs About Gastric Cancer

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What is gastric cancer?

Gastric cancer refers to a malignant tumor arising from the stomach. Ninety percent of the cases of gastric cancer are adenocarcinomas . Sarcomas and lymphomas are less common. Gastric cancer is classified by the tissue type and location in the stomach. It is thought that gastric cancer develops in a multistep process. The earliest lesion is atrophic gastritis, followed by dysplasia, adenoma and then adenocarcinoma. Molecular and genetic events trigger these changes from step to step.

What causes gastric cancer?

The cause of gastric cancer is unknown. However, certain factors and conditions are linked to the development of gastric cancer including poor nutrition, poor sanitation and inadequate handling of food and water supplies. Untreated Helicobacter pylori may lead to development of gastric cancer. Gastric polyps may also be contributory. Pernicious anemia and atrophic gastritis may also increase the risk.

What are the symptoms of gastric cancer?

Often no symptoms appear until late in the disease process, then abdominal pain and weight loss are the first symptoms. Early satiety , nausea, loss of appetite and difficulty swallowing may be experienced . If the cancer has metastasized, symptoms may arise from the area to which the cancer has spread. Gastrointestinal bleeding occurs in about 20 percent of the cases.

How is gastric cancer diagnosed?

Can gastric cancer be prevented?

What is the treatment for gastric cancer?

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Stomach Cancer In Cats Treatment

The appropriate treatment will depend on your cats unique situation.

The treatment options for stomach cancer depend on the type of cancer, the tumor size, and the tumor location. If a cat has a single, isolated stomach mass, surgical removal is the best option. Radiation therapy may also be used, either alone or in addition to surgery.

Most feline stomach tumors are caused by lymphoma, which is treated with chemotherapy. Treating lymphoma involves a combination of oral and injectable chemotherapy medications. Fortunately, cats do not typically suffer the same side effects of chemotherapy that are seen in humans and chemotherapy is often well-tolerated.

If chemotherapy is not an option for a particular cat, due to the cats condition or owner financial constraints, prednisolone may be prescribed for palliative or hospice care. Prednisolone will not cure the lymphoma, but may help improve the cats quality of life for a brief period of time.

How Common Is Stomach Cancer

Stomach cancer is relatively common in certain demographics and risk-groups. In fact, adenocarcinoma of the stomach stands as the fifth most common malignant tumor in the world. Furthermore, if we take into account the other types of tumors that can affect the stomach, we can say that stomach cancer accounts for about 10% of all malignant tumors that are diagnosed each year.

Curiously enough, more than half of all stomach cancer cases are found in Asia. It is also quite common in South America, some parts of eastern Europe and some countries in the Middle East. On the other hand, cancers of the stomach are far less prevalent in the United States, Australia, and Africa.

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Low Red Blood Cell Count

Stomach cancer can cause anemia, which is a low number of red blood cells. The bleeding that accompanies this type of cancer may cause you to lose red blood cells faster than your body can make them. This will lead to a diminished supply of oxygen to your organs, something that will make you feel tired or weak.

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Does Stomach Cancer Affect Men And Women Differently

It is important to look for signs of stomach cancer in adults over the age of 55. However, it most commonly affects those in their 60s or 70s. While it is crucial to be aware of the signs of stomach cancer in females, men are more likely to develop stomach cancer. In 2020, 16,980 men and 10,620 women are projected to be diagnosed with the disease. Men have a lifetime risk of 1 in 95 of developing stomach cancer, while women have a 1 in 154 risk. The signs of stomach cancer in men are typically no different than in women.

Symptoms Of Stomach Cancer In Cats

The symptoms of stomach cancer in cats include vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, and loss of appetite.

The symptoms associated with stomach cancer in cats may vary, based on the severity of disease and the precise location of the stomach tumor.

Signs that may be observed with stomach cancer include:

  • Vomiting
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of appetite or anorexia

If your cat is losing blood from a stomach tumor, you might also notice signs of anemia. Your cat may develop pale gums, in addition to a dramatic decrease in energy levels.

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Bloating Constipation And Diarrhea

Bloating, constipation and Diarrhea are also the symptoms of stomach cancer. When cancer cells starts growing in your stomach it may mess with your bowel movements. It is not necessary that you have stomach cancer having these symptoms. You may consult your doctor if problem persists for a long time.

Changes In Bowel Habits

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Changes in bowel habits, including diarrhea and constipation, are common occurrences that everyone experiences at one time or another. But persistent changes, including intermittent bouts of constipation and diarrhea, may be early signs of stomach cancer.

Cancer itself can alter digestion and lead to these problems. At the same time, as the malignancy spreads, it can cause the narrowing of the intestinal passageway and the onset of constipation. The accumulation of fluid behind the stricture can eventually cause the release of watery diarrhea, typically accompanied by acute abdominal pain.

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What Are The Early Warning Signs Of Stomach Cancer

Stomach cancer, in its early stages, rarely shows any warning signs or symptoms. Due to its gradual and seemingly silent progress, stomach cancer is usually hard to detect in its early stages. Because of the late appearance of the symptoms, just 20% of the stomach cancers in the United States are found at an early stage before the cancer spreads to other parts of the body.

The signs and symptoms of stomach cancer include

  • A sensation of vague discomfort in the belly, usually above the navel
  • Change in bowel habits such as diarrhea or constipation
  • Feeling of fullness, typically in the upper abdomen, after eating a small meal
  • Vomiting, with or without blood
  • Swelling or fluid buildup in the abdomen

Most of these symptoms are usually caused by a stomach virus or ulcer rather than cancer. If symptoms such as heartburn or changes in bowel habits do not get better or become worse, seek medical help.

Diagnosis Of Stomach Cancer In Cats

When a cat develops gastrointestinal signs, your veterinarian will first perform a comprehensive physical exam.

Your cats overall health will be assessed, including body weight, hydration, mucous membrane color, and your cats mental attitude . Next, your veterinarian will focus on your cats abdomen.

If an obvious cause for your cats gastrointestinal signs is not found on physical exam, your veterinarian will recommend a further workup.

A complete blood panel, including a complete blood cell count and serum biochemistry panel, will often be performed first.

In a cat with stomach cancer, this bloodwork may show signs of anemia , increased white blood cells , and decreased blood protein . If your cats liver is also affected, your veterinarian may also notice increases in one or more of your cats liver values.

Next, your veterinarian will recommend imaging.

Radiographs and ultrasound can both be used to provide a view of what is going on in your cats abdomen. Radiographs are less expensive than ultrasound, but they also show less abdominal detail than an ultrasound.

Ultrasound is more informative, providing a three-dimensional view of all structures in the abdomen, including the lymph nodes, and provides the ability to detect small metastases. However, ultrasound often requires referral to a veterinary specialist, as well as sedation.

In order to definitively diagnose stomach cancer, a cellular diagnosis is needed.

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What Causes Stomach Cancer

Your stomach is just one part of the upper section of your digestive tract. Your stomach is responsible for digesting food and then moving the nutrients along to the rest of your digestive organs, namely the small and large intestines.

Stomach cancer occurs when normally healthy cells within the upper digestive system become cancerous and grow out of control, forming a tumor. This process happens slowly. Stomach cancer tends to develop over many years.

Stomach cancer is directly linked to tumors in the stomach. However, there are some factors that might increase your risk of developing these cancerous cells. These risk factors include certain diseases and conditions, such as:

Stomach cancer is also more common among:

  • older adults, usually people 50 years and older
  • men
  • people with a family history of the disease
  • people who are of Asian , South American, or Belarusian descent

While your personal medical history can impact your risk of developing stomach cancer, certain lifestyle factors can also play a role. You may be more likely to get stomach cancer if you:

  • eat a lot of salty or processed foods
  • eat too much meat
  • have a history of alcohol abuse
  • dont exercise
  • dont store or cook food properly

Some of the most common symptoms of advanced stomach cancer are:

You’re Having Trouble Swallowing

If you have a stomach tumor that is extending up into the esophagus, you might experience something called dysphagia, or difficulty swallowing. You might notice this as a feeling that food is getting stuck in your throat, says Ocean, or it might present as coughing or choking while eating or drinking, according to the American College of Gastroenterology .

In some cases, it may also feel like food comes back up shortly after eating it, per the ACG, which also notes that heartburn will likely accompany difficulty swallowing. Regardless, swallowing is kind of an essential part of being a human, so it’s best to get that checked out ASAP.

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How Is Gastric Cancer Staged

The stage of the cancer can be determined after your testing is done. The staging of a cancer describes how much cancer has grown within the stomach as well as if it has spread. This is very important in terms of what treatment is offered to each individual patient. The staging system used to describe gastric tumors is the “TNM system”, as described by the American Joint Committee on Cancer. The TNM systems are used to describe many types of cancers. They have three components

  • T-describes the size/location/extent of the “primary” tumor in the stomach.
  • N-describes if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes
  • M-describes if the cancer has spread to other organs .

The T, N, M, are then combined to come up with a stage from 0-IV, with IV being the most advanced. The staging system is very complex. The entire staging system is outlined at the end of this article. Though complicated, the staging system helps healthcare providers determine the extent of the cancer, and in turn, make treatment decisions for your cancer.

How Is Stomach Cancer Treated

There are several approaches to treating stomach cancer. In many cases, surgery can be avoided.

In the early stages when the cancer is limited to the superficial layers of the stomach, the cancer can be removed through an upper endoscopy performed by a gastroenterologist. In this procedure , the tumor is dissected from the rest of the gastric wall and removed through the mouth.

Once the tumor invades beyond the superficial layers of the stomach, surgery will be required to remove the stomach and connect the esophagus to the small intestines to allow for digestion.

Radiation therapy uses high-powered beams of energy to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy uses chemicals to kill the cancer cells. These treatments are generally combined.

There are also several drugs to treat stomach cancer. Treatment depends on how severe the cancer is and is decided upon by a doctor after diagnosis.

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