Friday, May 20, 2022

Do Antacids Cause Stomach Cancer

When To Call A Professional

If you want stomach cancer, take antacids.

You should see your doctor if you have symptoms of stomach cancer, such as heartburn, that persist or don’t respond to over-the-counter antacids. Some people should be particularly alert for symptoms of stomach cancer, including those who:

  • use tobacco or alcohol
  • have a family history of stomach cancer
  • have a diet low in fruits and vegetables
  • eat lots of cured, smoked, or salted meats.

A Closer Look At The Connection Between Omeprazole And Cancer

Proton pump inhibitors are the most commonly prescribed drugs in the United States. PPIs like omeprazole , rabeprazole, lansoprazole, and esomeprazole are used to treat helicobacter pylori infection, acid reflux, and gastroesophageal reflux disease .

Emerging evidence from a number of studies suggests there is an association between long-term use of proton pump inhibitors and the development of gastric cancer. If needed, alternatives to PPIs are available.

Should I Stop Using Prilosec

PPIs like lansoprazole and omeprazole are available over the counter without a prescription. But long term use can be problematic.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration says over-the-counter PPIs should only be taken for the 14-day course up to three times a year.

In some cases, medications called an H2 blocker like Pepcid or Tagamet may be appropriate. After a week of taking an H2 blocker instead of PPIs, the PPIs will be out of the system. It is then possible to switch to OTC antacids on an as-needed basis.

However, some people may still experience difficult symptoms after coming off PPIs and may need to go back on them at a higher dosage.

Before making any changes to medications or dosages, patients who are on PPIs should discuss with their healthcare provider whether they should continue taking the medication, or whether other options might be appropriate.

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Who Are The Lawyers Behind This Website

I wrote everything you see on this website myself. Im not a an actor on a television commercial or someone in a call center, and this isnt one of those misleading websites that doesnt even tell you who is behind it. Im a real lawyer who has successfully tried serious injury and wrongful death cases in front of juries, and a five-time winner of the American Bar Association Journals award for legal writing online.

Ive represented thousands of people injured by prescription and over-the-counter drugs. Currently, I am appointed by a federal court to the plaintiffs steering committee of the litigation involving incretin mimetics and pancreatic cancer, and appointed by a different federal court as the liaison counsel in the litigation involving Mirena and intracranial hypertension. You can read more about me here.

If you use the contact form below, the email goes to me. If you call 459-8719, it will be answered by me or by my receptionist. But its not just about me. Taking on Goliath drug manufacturers means working together with other plaintiffs lawyers other law firms, and I work with the best in the business, the lawyers that can go through millions of documents to find the crucial evidence, and can hire and work with the best experts. Weve already been working with gastric oncologists, cancer epidemiologists, gastroenterologists, and gastric surgeons to develop the case.

What Are The Complications Of Gastritis

Úlcera Gastroduodenal

Chronic gastritis hurts your stomach lining. It can raise your risk for other health problems such as:

  • Peptic ulcer disease, painful sores in your upper digestive tract
  • Gastric polyps, small masses of cells that form on the inside lining of your stomach
  • Stomach tumors, both cancerous and non-cancerous

You may also get atrophic gastritis. This can happen if your gastritis is caused by the H. pylori bacteria or by an autoimmune disorder. Atrophic gastritis destroys the stomach lining cells that make your digestive juices. This raises your risk for getting stomach cancer.

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Is The Fda Going To Recall Nexium Prilosec Or Prevacid

Under federal law, drug manufacturers bear responsibility for the content of their warning labels, not the FDA. The FDA does has enforcement mechanisms, and the FDA sometimes forces drug manufacturers to add certain warnings, but the FDA doesnt have nearly enough resources to monitor every side effect for every drug. Federal law requires drug companies do that, and requires those same companies to add warnings whenever there is reasonable evidence of a causal association. Our lawyers believe there is reasonable evidence of a causal association and that the companies behind these antacids should have added a warning.

Gastric cancer isnt the only serious risk of drugs like Nexium and Prilosec. Some studies have tied the use of antacids in pregnancy to a higher rate of asthma in children, and others have found PPI users have a greater chance of developing dementia and an increased risk of death from all causes, particularly with long-term use and in patients who dont have gastrointestinal conditions.

The medical community has started to recognize how proton-pump inhibitors are over-prescribed. As several researchers noted in a recent article,

The medical community is starting to recognize that proton-pump inhibitors are overused and are particularly dangerous when used long-term. But for many people this advice is coming too late, and the drug companies must be held accountable for the damage they caused.

How Do Proton Pump Inhibitors Work

The stomach digests food with the aid of gastric acid, a mix of hydrochloric acid, sodium chloride and potassium chloride. This highly corrosive soup is produced when gastric cells in the stomach secrete the hormone gastrin, which signals parietal cells in the stomach to start pumping acid. PPIs shut down the proton pumps in the parietal cells, cutting off the production of acid. If you are blocking acid production by using a proton pump inhibitor, the body says, I dont have enough acid. Make more. So, the way the body reacts is for G-cells to produce more gastrin, Dr. Perre says. Too much gastrin may stimulate the growth of gastrointestinal tumors. Ironically, proton pump inhibitors often are prescribed to treat acid reflux, also called gastroesophageal reflex disease , or H. pylori infections, conditions that may increase the risk of stomach and esophageal cancers. It is a double-edged sword, he says.

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Indigestion That Doesn’t Go Away And Burping

You can get indigestion when acid from the stomach goes back up into the food pipe . Or you can get it if you have any irritation in your stomach. This often happens after eating .

Remember, indigestion is common and it’s not usually caused by cancer. Indigestion and heartburn can be very painful, even if nothings seriously wrong. See your doctor if youve had heartburn most days for 3 weeks or more.

Prolonged Use Of Antacids May Double Stomach Cancer Risk

Antacid : Uses, indications, doses, contraindications

Long-term intake of drugs commonly used to treat acid reflux conditions such as heartburn and ulcers may double the risk of developing stomach cancer, a study warns.

The risk associated with the use of proton pump inhibitors rose in tandem with the dose and duration of treatment following elimination of Helicobacter pylori, the bacteria implicated in the development of stomach cancer, said researchers from The University of Hong Kong.

Eliminating H pylori from the gut significantly lowers a person’s risk of developing stomach cancer.

However, a substantial proportion of those in whom treatment is successful still go on to develop the disease, the third leading cause of cancer death in the world.

Previous research has found an association between PPI use and heightened stomach cancer risk, but it was unable to factor in the potential role of H pylori itself, so undermining the strength of the findings.

The study published in the journal Gut compared the use of PPIs with another type of drug used to dampen down acid production called histamine H2 receptor antagonists in 63,397 adults treated with triple therapy – a combination of a PPI and two antibiotics to kill off H pylori over seven days.

They were subsequently monitored until they either developed stomach cancer, died, or the study ended, whichever came first. The average monitoring period lasted 7.5 years.

During this time, 3,271 people took PPIs for an average of nearly three years and 21,729 took H2 blockers.

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Signs Of Serious Condition

Frequent heartburn could signal a chronic condition or gastroesophageal reflux disease , which afflicts more than 7 million Americans annually. Ignoring frequent symptoms could lead to complications such as strictures , ulcers, difficulty swallowing and even esophageal cancer.

“Taking antacids may mask a more serious problem,” said Qureshi, who is also chief of endoscopy at the Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center.

Antacids work by neutralizing the stomach acid that refluxes into the food pipe. In extreme cases, taking too many antacids, especially with milk, can cause kidney damage due to the amount of calcium intake from the pills on top of what is already found in your diet. There are more effective medications available, so talking with a doctor about solutions to the problem is important.

Petition To Fda Seeks Cancer Warning On Antacids

Editors carefully fact-check all Drugwatch content for accuracy and quality.

Drugwatch has a stringent fact-checking process. It starts with our strict sourcing guidelines.

We only gather information from credible sources. This includes peer-reviewed medical journals, reputable media outlets, government reports, court records and interviews with qualified experts.

The Esophageal Cancer Action Network has petitioned the U.S. Food and Drug Administration asking it to order strong warnings on over-the-counter treatments that persistent heartburn can be a sign of increased risk of developing the cancer that annually kills 16,000 Americans nearly 44 every day.

The group says the fact that over-the-counter medications are so effective at treating symptoms of acid reflux is actually contributing to the problem. Thats because patients dont tend to tell their doctors about persistent heartburn as they are unaware of the cancer risk.

This 8th leading cancer killer is the fastest increasing cancer diagnoses among American men, up more than 600 percent in the last 35 years, ECAN says.

The petition requests the following bold and prominent warnings on all heartburn treatments:

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What To Do If You Have Stomach Cancer Or Ulcer Symptoms

  • If you have burning pain in your upper stomach that is relieved by eating or taking antacids, call a health-care professional for an appointment. Don’t assume you have an ulcer. Certain other conditions can cause similar symptoms.
  • If you vomit blood or have other signs of gastrointestinal bleeding, go to an emergency department right away. Peptic ulcers can cause massive bleeding, which requires blood transfusion or surgery.
  • Severe abdominal pain suggests perforation or tearing of an ulcer. This is an emergency that may require surgery to fix a hole in your stomach.
  • Vomiting and abdominal pain also can be a sign of an obstruction, another complication of peptic ulcers. This also may require emergency surgery.

What Causes Gastritis

What causes stomach cancer?

Gastritis occurs when something damages or weakens the stomach lining . Different things can trigger the problem, including:

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What Is Acid Reflux

After you eat, the muscle at the end of your esophagus known as the esophageal sphincter ordinarily closes to keep food where it’s supposed to be: in your stomach. According to the National Institute of Health , gastroesophageal reflux, or GER, occurs when the sphincter becomes weak and allows your stomach contents to come back up. The result? That tell-tale burning sensation in the middle of the chest. When someone experiences heartburn on the regular, it can become a condition called gastroesophageal reflux disease .

Proton Pump Inhibitors: Do They Cause Cancer

Research suggests proton pump inhibitors, a type of antacid, could lead to stomach cancer, but some doctors question the study.

Antacids are an important treatment option for those with acid reflux. However, research in 2017 suggested that a type of antacid called proton pump inhibitors could lead to stomach cancer.

This study does not prove that proton pump inhibitors cause increased risk of stomach cancer, said Dr. Sueyi Lai, oncologist with Marshfield Clinic Health System. It suggests an associated increased risk, but it is just a link that needs to be looked at further.

Doctors typically use proton pump inhibitors, such as Prilosec or Prevacid, and two antibiotics to treat acid reflux. They can also use H2 blockers, such as Pepcid and Tagamet, as an antacid.

A bacterial infection called H. pylori in the stomach is what typically causes acid reflux.

This bacterial infection also can cause gastritis, gastric ulcers and stomach cancer. If untreated, the risk for stomach cancer and other complications grows.

The study shows there is a very tiny risk in a subgroup of patients that are already at an increased risk for stomach cancer, said Lai.

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How Is Gerd Diagnosed

A physician can often make a GERD diagnosis based on patient symptoms, says Tsion Abdi, M.D., an assistant professor of medicine in the division of gastroenterology at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in Baltimore. To confirm a diagnosis or check for complications, doctors may recommend further evaluation with upper endoscopy, motility testing such as an ambulatory acid probe test or imaging with a barium swallow, he adds. In a barium swallow test, you gulp a thick, chalky drink. As you swallow the barium, a radiologist takes pictures via x-rays or fluoroscopy to see how the barium moving through your mouth and throat.

What Are The Symptoms Of Insufficient Stomach Acid

Antacids: Nursing Pharmacology

Each of the symptoms below may give you clues that your stomach is not producing enough acid:

  • Abdominal bloating after meals
  • Weak and thinning scalp hair
  • Red cheeks
  • Bad breath
  • Eczema and acne

Antacid medication does provide relief from heartburn and reflux but it can worsen all the other symptoms. By lowering the amount of acid in your stomach, they can put you at risk of stomach and intestinal infections, raising your risk of food poisoning and gastroenteritis .

Your stomach produces hydrochloric acid as soon as some food enters it. The acid specifically helps to digest protein rich foods, by activating protein digesting enzymes called proteases. Therefore people with low stomach acid typically experience bloating and indigestion after eating foods like red meat, fish, eggs and poultry.

It is normal for the level of acid in your stomach to decline as you get older. Interestingly, many elderly people stop eating red meat because they say it gives them indigestion. It is wise to avoid eating foods you know upset your digestion, but there are ways to treat the cause of the problem and boost your stomach acid.

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What Are The Symptoms Of Stomach Cancer

Gastric cancer presents differently, Dr. Alexander says. The usual presentation is with nausea, weight loss, and upper abdominal pain. Symptoms of more advanced stomach cancer can include vomiting, stomach pain, weakness, frequent burping, jaundice, fluid buildup in the abdomen, and trouble swallowing. If youve got something down in the pit of the stomach that is present 24/7 or continual pain in the abdomen, these symptoms suggest gastric cancer.

What Causes Low Stomach Acid

Common factors that cause low stomach acid include stress, bacterial infection, poor diet, and nutritional deficiencies. An H. pylori infection, which is linked to stomach ulcers, is the most common cause of low stomach acid.

Hashimotos hypothyroidism can contribute to low stomach acid, as stomach function requires healthy thyroid function.

Pernicious anemia and deficiencies in zinc B12, magnesium, or chloride are other things to watch out for.

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How To Improve Low Stomach Acid

The first thing to do with low stomach acid is address the root cause. As we age, stomach acid naturally decreases. You can boost stomach acid by taking a supplement that contains betaine hydrochloric acid . However, if you have stomach ulcers or stomach autoimmunity , supplementing with HCl could make you worse. In these situations you need to address the existing condition first.

Ask my office how to correct low stomach acid, safely supplement with HCl, and improve overall gut health.

Fda Cautions Against Common Heartburn Drugs

Heartburn and Acid Reflux

In September 2019, FDA has communicated about the detection of an impurity, which is a carcinogen , in common heartburn medications available over the counter or by prescription. Several countries have banned these medications.

Minimise or avoid use of OTC medications. Use proper lifestyle modifications to manage and treat your symptoms. Reducing bacteria loads and limiting carbohydrate intake have both been shown to greatly improve, and in some cases completely cure, acid reflux and GERD.

We hope this article helps you make the right choices. Do leave your thoughts in the comments below. For more sessions on how to ease GERD and Acid Reflux, check out Healthy Reads or ask a GOQii Coach by subscribing for personalized coaching here:

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About Komilla Pareek

I am a Nutritionist with varied experience, having worked with reputed hospitals, research institutes and educational establishments. Eating right is not a choice but our duty towards our body to keep it moving. Along with diet, right amount of sleep and exercise is essential to look good and feel good. Doing what is right starts with motivation, but lasts with a habit. Therefore, my goal here is to motivate you and make healthy living your favourite habit.

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