The Problem With Paragard
Serious problems or complications with intrauterine devices are said to be rare. However, they can still happen.
For instance, did you know that there are actually lawsuits filed against the manufacturer of Paragard? The complaints cite serious injuries and complications from the use of the medical device.
You read that right.
According to recently filed complaints in the Paragard lawsuit, women who used the copper IUD suffered from complications and injuries following IUD insertion.
These women claim that the injuries they have sustained resulted from copper IUDs like Paragard being defective and prone to breakage, which resulted in dangerous side effects.
Since the medical device is prone to breaking inside the body of the woman who had it inserted, it can lead to the copper IUD being embedded inside the uterus. Paragard can potentially perforate or pierce the uterine walls, causing serious pain and injuries to women due to fragment migration.
Despite the growing number of plaintiffs filing complaints against Teva Pharmaceuticals, the manufacturer of Paragard, the device still continues to exist in the market up to this day. Only two lots of the product were recalled by the company back in 2014 due to a lack of assurance of sterility.
One of the most common IUD-related side effects is lower abdominal pain.
How Long Until I Can Have Unprotected Sex
First, remember that the IUD does not protect against sexually transmitted infections, so keep using condoms to avoid those. In terms of preventing pregnancy, here’s how it breaks down:
The copper IUD starts preventing pregnancy immediately upon insertion.
For the hormonal IUDs , it depends on when you had your insertion. If the IUD was put in place within 7 days of the start of your period, it’ll prevent pregnancy right away. But if you get the IUD inserted at any other time in your cycle, you’ll need to use backup birth control, like a condom, for 7 days.
What Are The Symptoms Of A Moved Iud
It can be hard to recognize if your IUD has moved out of place, especially if it only moved ever so slightly. In this case, you may not even feel or notice anything weird.
However, if your IUD has definitely moved, these are the signs and symptoms you should watch out for:
- not being able to feel the strings of the IUD with your fingers
- the strings are either longer or shorter compared to the last time you checked
- feeling the plastic or hard part of the device
- your partner can feel the IUD during sex
- abnormal vaginal discharge
- fever, which can be a sign of infection
- you feel pain that does not go away even after several months
- heavy vaginal bleeding
- having cramps that are more severe than usual during periods
- bleeding in between periods
If you happen to experience these signs and symptoms, immediately talk to your doctor for medical advice. Never try to remove the IUD on your own.
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How Long Do Mirena Side Effects Last
In many cases, unwanted effects of the Mirena IUD are not long-term. According to Planned Parenthood, common side effects such as spotting between periods and cramping typically get better in 36 months.
Meanwhile, a person might want to have some side effects of Mirena, such as lighter periods or none at all. Research suggests that these are usually long-term changes for people who experience them while using the IUD.
Serious complications, such as PID, typically develop shortly after the person starts using the IUD often within the first month. These issues are uncommon.
Speak with a doctor about any severe or persistent symptoms that occur during Mirena IUD use.
The Mirena IUD releases the hormone levonorgestrel, a synthetic form of progesterone. Levonorgestrel works by thickening the cervical mucus and thinning the lining of the uterus, which prevents pregnancy from taking place. This synthetic hormone can also prevent ovulation, though it does not always have this effect.
The Mirena IUD has several key advantages. It:
However, there are some disadvantages, such as the:
- insertion procedure, which can be painful
- possibility of unwanted effects
- small risk of infection and other complications
- symptoms that may occur after the IUD is removed
It can take some time after a doctor removes the Mirena IUD for periods to return to normal. Also, some people experience a Mirena crash, which involves changes to their mood, sleep, weight, and skin health.
Iud Insertion Pain: Overview
Its normal to feel some tolerable IUD insertion pain. It occurs when your doctor or nurse touches and dilates your cervix with special tools and pushes the IUD through the cervix into the uterus. Some people describe it as a bit harsher version of cramps you may feel during a pap smear.
The process of IUD insertion lasts only a few minutes, and cramps often become better in 1520 minutes. To manage the pain, you can take over-the-counter pain relievers in advance, for example, ibuprofen. You can also ask your provider for a local anesthetic to numb the cervical canal before the procedure.
Some professionals may use ultrasound guidance to show you the insertion. This may distract you from possible discomfort and help you feel in control of the procedure. Ask your doctor about their approach.
Women who have had a vaginal delivery usually feel less IUD insertion pain. For others, the insertion may be more painful. Some doctors prescribe a local treatment to soften the cervix, make insertion easier, and cause less discomfort. Please discuss this with your doctor.
You may experience dull or throbbing pain similar to menstrual cramps for a few days after your IUD was installed. And like menstrual cramps, IUD cramps can usually be managed with pain relievers or a heating pad. However, if your cramps suddenly became severe or you feel a sharp pain in the lower abdomen, its best to consult your health care provider immediately.
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Have You Gained Weight While Using Mirena
If youve used Mirena IUD for a moderate duration, leave a comment discussing whether youve noticed weight change after its insertion. If youve noticed weight change after Mirena insertion, how much weight did you gain or lose? Do you believe that the weight change is directly attributable to Mirena?
Assuming you think that the weight change is attributable to Mirena, how do you think Mirena caused the weight change? .
To help others understand your situation, provide additional details in your comment like: how long youve had Mirena inserted whether you use other substances your preexisting medical conditions and whether you track calories plus exercise regularly. If you use other substances with Mirena, have a preexisting medical condition, and/or dont track your calories or exercise consistently how can you be sure that your weight change is from Mirena?
In conclusion, while modest weight gain might occur in a small percentage of women using Mirena , moderate and/or severe weight gain is unlikely. Moreover, most medical doctors consider Mirena to be a weight neutral medication and The National Collaborating Centre for Womens and Childrens Health recommends telling patients that theres no evidence that IUDs cause weight gain.
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Does The Mirena Iud Cause Weight Gain
Some people report weight gain while using the Mirena IUD. However, most studies have not found a conclusive link between hormonal IUDs, such as Mirena, and weight gain.
A 2020 study comparing hormonal IUDs to another form of progesterone-only contraception, the injection, reported that participants using the injection gained weight while those with the IUD did not.
Another 2020 study found different results. In a diverse cohort of women, the researchers investigated the effects of the hormonal IUD, the copper IUD, and the birth control implant on weight gain.
After 36 months, hormonal IUD users gained 0.72 kilograms on average. After 60 months, this figure rose to 1.52 kg twice the amount that participants using the copper IUD had gained.
This may indicate that the synthetic hormone in the Mirena IUD leads to a slight gain in weight. However, many factors can influence weight gain, including age. The studys finding does not necessarily prove that the IUD causes a person to gain weight.
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Have You Suffered A Mirena Iud Injury
The lawyers at Saiontz & Kirk, P.A. have been reviewing potential Mirena injury lawsuits for women throughout the United States, as the manufacturer appears to have failed to adequately warn about the risk of migration and perforation.
In many cases, women do not discover that there is a problem until long after the Mirena IUD was implanted, with complications often starting with abdominal pain or bleeding.
Visual imaging following these symptoms may reveal that the Mirena IUD has moved, and is not where it should be in the uterus. In some cases, women have not discovered the Mirena injury until they become pregnant because the device moved out of place in the uterus.
Women have reported that their doctors found the Mirena IUD on the wrong side of the uterus wall, even as far away as the liver. In some cases, women have discovered that their body expelled the Mirena on its own.
In addition to the pain and complications associated with perforation or migration, woman may suffer further injury during attempts to remove Mirena IUD. In some cases, it has been necessary for women to undergo a hysterectomy, potentially leading to unwanted infertility and hormal changes.
These Mirena injuries have also been linked to severe psychological effects, such as depression, anxiety and mood changes.
What You Can Do Before Your Iud Is Put In
To reduce cramping, try these techniques before your appointment.
- Eat, drink, and go to your visit in good shape. If you feel good going into the procedure, you may feel less pain. âPlease do not come into your IUD insertion hung over, dehydrated, and having skipped breakfast,â Holloway says. âThatâs a recipe for feeling bad.â Drink water and eat something before your visit.
- Try to relax. âWhen you reduce your fear and tension, you feel less pain,â she says. Try breathing exercises, visualization, or other relaxation techniques. Sometimes simple distraction can help. Listen to music or have a conversation with your doctor while they put it in.
- Schedule your appointment at a good time. Try to schedule your appointment during the last few days of your menstrual cycle. âYour cervix is softened and slightly dilated during this time, which can make insertion easier,â Holloway says.
- Take ibuprofen or naproxen ahead of time. âIbuprofen is one of the best options for muscle pain from uterine cramps,â Holloway says. âBut many people donât realize it works best if you take it in anticipation of your cramping.â Peace Nwegbo-Banks, MD, an obstetrician and gynecologist at Serenity Womenâs Health & Med Spa in Houston, TX, recommends taking 600 milligrams of ibuprofen or 500 milligrams of naproxen an hour before your appointment.
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When Should I Call My Healthcare Provider
- Are or think you are pregnant
- Have pelvic pain or pain during sex
- Have unusual vaginal discharge or genital sores
- Have unexplained fever, flu-like symptoms or chills
- Might be exposed to sexually transmitted diseases
- Are concerned that Paragard may have been expelled
- Can feel any other part of the Paragard besides the threads
- Become HIV positive or your partner becomes HIV positive
- Have severe or prolonged vaginal bleeding
- Miss a menstrual period
- Cannot feel Paragard threads or can feel the threads are much longer
Risk Factors For Complications
Most women will not have any problems using an IUD. But if you have some health conditions, you may be more at risk of developing serious complications while using an IUD. These include being at risk for STIs at the time of insertion. Other complications can occur if you:
- Have serious blood clots in deep veins or lungs
- Have had PID in the past 12 months
- Have diabetes or severe anemia
- Have blood that doesn’t clot or if you take medication that helps your blood to clot
- Have had two or more STIs within the past two years
- Have or had ovarian cancer
- Take daily medication containing a corticosteroid
- Have a history of tubal infection
- Have uncontrolled infections of the cervix or vagina, such as bacterial vaginosis
- Have a uterus positioned very far forward or backward in the pelvis
- Have a history of impaired fertility and the desire to get pregnant in the future
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What Hormonal Iud Side Effects Should I Expect
Hormonal IUDs can cause side effects. But for most people, thats actually a good thing the most common hormonal IUD side effects usually help make your periods better.
Hormonal IUDs can cut down on cramps and PMS, and they usually make your periods much lighter. Some people stop getting their periods at all while they have their IUD . In fact, many people get hormonal IUDs to help with heavy or painful periods, to treat symptoms of endometriosis or PCOS, or because they just dont want to bleed every month.
Other hormonal IUD side effects can include:
Pain when the IUD is put in, and cramping or back aches for a few days after
spotting between periods
These usually go away within 36 months, once your body gets used to the new visitor in your uterus. And they dont happen to everyone many people use hormonal IUDs with no problems at all.
Over-the-counter pain medicine can usually help with IUD cramps. If you have cramping that doesnt get better or is really painful, talk with your nurse or doctor. They may need to check to make sure that your IUD is in the right place.
The changes in your periods while you have your IUD can make some people worry about how theyll know theyre not pregnant. But you dont really need to worry about being pregnant even if you dont get a period, because the IUD is really good at what it does its more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.
Temporary Increase In Menstrual Cramps
A 2014 study involving more than 5,000 women tracked changes in cramping and bleeding after IUD placement. The researchers found that 32 percent of hormonal IUD users and 63 percent of copper IUD users reported increased cramping within the first 3 months after device insertion, as reported in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
After 6 months of use, however, only 12 percent of hormonal IUD users and 15 percent of copper IUD users reported increased cramping, compared to before they had an IUD. This study indicates that increased cramping potentially severe in some women is relatively common in the first three months after IUD placement. However, cramping returns to baseline levels in nearly nine out of 10 women within six months.
- A 2014 study involving more than 5,000 women tracked changes in cramping and bleeding after IUD placement.
- The researchers found that 32 percent of hormonal IUD users and 63 percent of copper IUD users reported increased cramping within the first 3 months after device insertion, as reported in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
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Mirena Iud Complications Can Be Painful And Debilitating
As the use of Mirena IUD birth control continues to increase, providing women with a hassel-free and long-acting form of reversible contraception, a growing number of women are suffering horrific and painful internal injuries when the implanted device perforates the uterus or migrates to other parts of the body.
These Mirena complications can have a devastating impact on a womans quality of life, causing pelvic pain, lower back pain, bleeding, infections and other problems caused if the IUD slices through internal organs.
Do Iuds Cause Abortions
“I like to make it clear that the IUD does not cause an abortion. A lot of women are worried about that,” Dweck said. ” might prevent ovulation, they definitely change the cervical mucus and the nature of the uterine lining, and they may incapacitate sperm.”
In other words, they work by preventing an egg from being fertilized in the first place. They don’t cause an “abortion” of fertilized eggs.
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Is It Safe To Breastfeed While Using Kyleena
You may use Kyleena when you are breastfeeding. Kyleena is not likely to affect the quality or amount of your breast milk or the health of your nursing baby. However, isolated cases of decreased milk production have been reported. The risk of Kyleena going into the wall of the uterus or going through the uterus is increased if Kyleena is inserted while you are breastfeeding.
Or Excess Synthetic Hormone
With Mirena, a slight amount of synthetic progesterone is being released continuously at a rate of 20 mcg per day. As with birth control pills, this alone can be a problem as it suppresses a womans natural hormonal secretion and her natural monthly rhythm. After all, it is normal to have varying amounts of progesterone secreted throughout the month its not a constant level every day. Additionally, levonorgestrel is a synthetic hormone its not the same type of progesterone the body naturally makes.
In my practice I use manual muscle testing as a form of biofeedback which helps me assess what is going on with the patient. The muscles of the pelvis specifically the gluteus muscles, , the piriformis, and some of the adductors are related to the health and function of the uterus, . Therefore, anything which negatively affects the uterus will have a similar effect on those muscles. Essentially, an IUD causes a general inhibition in these muscles, which can result in back pain, hip pain, abdominal/core weakness, or essentially any weakness associated with pelvic instability. Since the pelvis is so vital in supporting the spine and everything below , then any instability in the pelvis can cause problems elsewhere too. Yes, Im saying that an IUD can cause knee, foot, ankle, and even neck problems. Its a lot more common than you may think.
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