What Happens After The Fat Is Digested
After the fat has been digested, fatty acids are passed through the lymph system and then throughout the body via your bloodstream to be used or stored for energy, cell repair, and growth. Your lymph system also absorbs fatty acids to help fight infection.
Adipose, which is fat tissue, takes triglyceride from the chylomicrons. Each chylomicron gets smaller, eventually leaving a remnant thats rich in cholesterol and taken in by the liver.
Techniques For Using A Massage Gun On Your Stomach
We recommend that you turn your massage gun on before you place it on your body. This will enable you to adjust the pressure with which you apply it, helping you to avoid any sudden jolts. Start on the lowest speed and increase slowly until you find a speed and pressure that youre comfortable with. Bear in mind that using a massage gun may feel a little uncomfortable, but it shouldnt be painful. If you experience pain, you should stop immediately.
When using a massage gun on belly fat, only light to moderate pressure is needed. You should work methodically across the area, letting the gun movements guide your hand so that it floats across the stomach naturally. Try not to tense your muscles as this will work against the treatment, which is designed to help relax them as well as to reduce your belly fat. Its normal to feel a little tender afterwards, with many people comparing the sensation to having completed a rigorous stomach workout.
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In The Small Intestine
The small intestine is the main site for absorption of nutrients and the digestion of fat. When chyme enters the duodenum — the upper portion of the small intestine — hormones signal the gallbladder to contract. These contractions push bile, which is made by the liver, out of the gallbladder and into the common bile duct, which connects the gallbladder to the small intestine. At the same time, the pancreas, located just underneath the stomach, secretes bicarbonate ions, which neutralize the pH of the chyme entering the small intestine, and lipases, enzymes that break down fat.
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Issues With Fat In The Lower Belly
Lower belly fat consists of two kinds of fat: visceral fat and subcutaneous fat. Visceral fat lies deep inside your abdomen, packed around the internal organs. It pushes out on the subcutaneous fat, which is just under the skin around your torso, hips, thighs and arms. Visceral fat is more dangerous, secreting hormones and compounds that raise your risk of disease, including some cancers, type 2 diabetes and heart disease. As visceral fat makes your midsection expand outward, the subcutaneous fat there can sometimes droop from the weight into the lower region of your belly.
The metabolically active nature of visceral fat deep within your lower belly means it breaks down more quickly to enter your blood stream faster and restocks quickly — at a rate faster than it diminishes. Because it breaks down quickly, it’s easier to lose with dietary and exercise interventions than subcutaneous fat is..
Special Adaptations For Lipid Digestion In Infants
Lipids are an important part of an infants diet. Breast milk contains about 4 percent fat, similar to whole cows milk. Whether breastfed or formula-fed, fat provides about half of an infants calories, and it serves an important role in brain development. Yet, infants are born with low levels of bile and pancreatic enzyme secretion, which are essential contributors to lipid digestion in older children and adults. So, how do babies digest all of the fat in their diet?
Infants have a few special adaptations that allow them to digest fat effectively. First, they have plenty of lingual and gastric lipases right from birth. These enzymes play a much more important role in infants than they do in adults. Second, breast milk actually contains lipase enzymes that are activated in the babys small intestine. In other words, the mother makes lipases and sends them in breast milk to help her baby digest the milk fats. Amazing, right? Between increased activity of lingual and gastric lipases and the lipases contained in breast milk, young infants can efficiently digest fat and reap its nutritional value for growth and brain development. Studies show that fat digestion is more efficient in premature infants fed breast milk compared with those fed formula. Even pasteurized breast milk, as is used when breast milk is donated for feeding babies in the hospital, is a little harder to digest, because heat denatures the lipases. 1
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Get Tested For Fat Malabsorption Syndrome
With these simple tips, you can start improving your fat absorption, improving your overall health, and preventing disease!
Speak with an expert integrative physician about fat malabsorption or other issues. CentreSpringMD is Atlantas leading integrative family medical center. Book an appointment now to get your digestion and health back on track.
S For Beating Belly Fat
There are four keys to controlling belly fat: exercise, diet, sleep, and stress management.
1. Exercise: Vigorous exercise trims all your fat, including visceral fat.
Get at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise at least 5 days a week. Walking counts, as long as it’s brisk enough that you work up a sweat and breathe harder, with your heart rate faster than usual.
To get the same results in half the time, step up your pace and get vigorous exercise — like jogging or walking. You’d need to do that for 20 minutes a day, 4 days a week.
Jog, if you’re already fit, or walk briskly at an incline on a treadmill if you’re not ready for jogging. Vigorous workouts on stationary bikes and elliptical or rowing machines are also effective, says Duke researcher Cris Slentz, PhD.
Moderate activity — raising your heart rate for 30 minutes at least three times per week — also helps. It slows down how much visceral fat you gain. But to torch visceral fat, your workouts may need to be stepped up.
âRake leaves, walk, garden, go to Zumba, play soccer with your kids. It doesnât have to be in the gym,â Hairston says.
If you are not active now, it’s a good idea to check with your health care provider before starting a new fitness program.
2. Diet: There is no magic diet for belly fat. But when you lose weight on any diet, belly fat usually goes first.
How Can I Help My Body Break Down Fat
Your body is made up of cells, and as we age, our cells simply wear out. Cells make up organs that make up entire systems, so when our cells get old and sluggish, digestion can feel sluggish, too.
Thankfully, there are proven ways to be proactive about increasing your cellular health, and giving your digestive system a boost.
Here are three tips to get you back on track and help your body break down fat effectively and efficiently.
How To Measure It
Thereâs no way to know where and how much visceral fat is hidden in your body without expensive imaging tests. Youâre unlikely to ever need those.
Waist size. This is an easy way to get a rough estimate. Wrap a tape measure around your waist over your belly button. In women, 35 inches or more is a sign of visceral fat. In men, itâs 40 inches. Warning: This is a crude tool, especially if youâre a very big person. And if youâre of Asian descent, the benchmark for visceral fat drops to 31.5 inches for women and 35.5 inches for men.
BMI.Body mass index is a formula for how much you weigh relative to your height. Online calculators can do the math for you. A BMI of 30 or higher is overweight. That could be a sign of visceral fat. If youâre Asian American, a BMI of 23 or higher could be a concern.
Hip-to-waist ratio. You divide your waist size by your hip size. Some doctors think the number gives a good idea of your risk for visceral fat. But studies suggest it may be no better than a simple waist measurement.
Body shape. Look in the mirror. Where your body tends to store fat can offer you a clue. If youâre an apple — a big trunk and slimmer legs — it often can mean more visceral fat. This body shape is more common among men. Women are more likely to be pears — with bigger hips and thighs. Research shows that upper body fat is more dangerous to your health, which might be one reason why women usually live longer than men.
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Going To The Bloodstream
As stomach contents enter the small intestine, the digestive system sets out to manage a small hurdle, namely, to combine the separated fats with its own watery fluids. The solution to this hurdle is bile. Bile contains bile salts, lecithin, and substances derived from cholesterol so it acts as an emulsifier. It attracts and holds on to fat while it is simultaneously attracted to and held on to by water. Emulsification increases the surface area of lipids over a thousand-fold, making them more accessible to the digestive enzymes.
Once the stomach contents have been emulsified, fat-breaking enzymes work on the triacylglycerols and diglycerides to sever fatty acids from their glycerol foundations. As pancreatic lipase enters the small intestine, it breaks down the fats into free fatty acids and monoglycerides. Yet again, another hurdle presents itself. How will the fats pass through the watery layer of mucous that coats the absorptive lining of the digestive tract? As before, the answer is bile. Bile salts envelop the fatty acids and monoglycerides to form micelles. Micelles have a fatty acid core with a water-soluble exterior. This allows efficient transportation to the intestinal microvillus. Here, the fat components are released and disseminated into the cells of the digestive tract lining.
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Why Is Lipase Important
Fats must be digested properly before absorption, because fat is not water-soluble and the end products of fat digestion are carried in water substances like blood and lymph. Without lipase, the fats cannot be split into fatty acids and glycerol.
Lipase digests fat-soluble vitamins.
Lipase-deficient people may have issues with high cholesterol and high triglycerides. Some triglycerides are needed in the body for energy, but high levels are often thought to be a risk for heart disease.
Lipase requires chloride as a coenzyme. Lipase-deficient people have a tendency towards hypochloridia or low stomach acid.
The Trouble With Visceral Fat
Body fat, or adipose tissue, was once regarded as little more than a storage depot for fat blobs waiting passively to be used for energy. But research has shown that fat cells particularly visceral fat cells are biologically active. One of the most important developments is the realization that the fat cell is an endocrine organ, secreting hormones and other molecules that have far-reaching effects on other tissues.
Before researchers recognized that fat acts as an endocrine gland, they thought that the main risk of visceral fat was influencing the production of cholesterol by releasing free fatty acids into the bloodstream and liver. We now know that there’s far more to the story. Researchers have identified a host of chemicals that link visceral fat to a surprisingly wide variety of diseases.
Subcutaneous fat produces a higher proportion of beneficial molecules, and visceral fat a higher proportion of molecules with potentially deleterious health effects. Visceral fat makes more of the proteins called cytokines, which can trigger low-level inflammation, a risk factor for heart disease and other chronic conditions. It also produces a precursor to angiotensin, a protein that causes blood vessels to constrict and blood pressure to rise.
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The Steps Of Digestion
Salivary amylase is released in the mouth through chewing. This is the first enzyme your food will come into contact with, and it begins the digestion process. Lingual lipase is also produced in the mouth, which begins to emulsify any fat.
Once the food reaches the stomach, the parietal cells release acids , pepsin, and gastric amylase and lipase to help degrade food into chyme .
The chyme is then moved into the duodenum or the upper part of the small intestine. This is the main site for the absorption of nutrients and the digestion of fat! This acidic chyme triggers the release of the hormone secretin that regulates pH in the small intestine and stimulates the liver to make bile.
This in turn signals the pancreas to release hormones, bile, bicarbonate and various enzymes, including lipase the main fat enzyme that we will talk about in this article!
If you have sufficient enzyme activity, this cascade works well, but as you can see, there can be problems in any one of these steps.
Have you ever experienced bloating or cramping after meals? Or have loose, greasy foul-smelling stool, very dry skin, gallbladder pain, hormone imbalances or a deficiency in the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E or K? Have you had your gallbladder removed, or do you just feel a little unsettled after eating fatty foods? Whatever the reason, you may be experiencing a problem in digesting and absorbing fat.
Eat Protein Throughout The Day
Make sure you add protein to your meals. Options include meat, fish, eggs, dairy and beans.
Protein helps keep you feeling satiated, lowers hunger hormone levels and may even help you eat less at your next meal, studies show.
We dont have to be on high protein diets as much as we need to add adequate protein thats spread throughout the day, says Dr. Creel.
Dr. Creel also says you should aim to add protein to your snacks. Thats when we tend to overeat, he notes. Try having a Greek yogurt or string cheese, which can make you feel more satisfied.
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What Happens To The Digested Food
The small intestine absorbs most of the nutrients in your food, and your circulatory system passes them on to other parts of your body to store or use. Special cells help absorbed nutrients cross the intestinal lining into your bloodstream. Your blood carries simple sugars, amino acids, glycerol, and some vitamins and salts to the liver. Your liver stores, processes, and delivers nutrients to the rest of your body when needed.
Your body uses sugars, amino acids, fatty acids, and glycerol to build substances you need for energy, growth, and cell repair.
What Does Pepsin Enzyme Break Down In The Stomach
The breakdown of pepsin begins in the stomach and ends in the small intestine. The stomach is a small gland located in the upper part of the small intestine. The stomach produces acid to digest the foods we eat.
The stomach also stores the pepsin in the form of a protein gel. The stomach also secretes pepsin and other digestive enzymes. These enzymes are released when we take a meal.
The digestive enzymes break down the food we eat into smaller pieces and help to digest it. They also break down the food we swallow.
Here are some of the digestive enzymes that are secreted by the stomach:
Pepsin is a digestive enzyme that digests proteins. Its the main digestive enzyme in the stomach.
Pepsin is used to break down foods like:
Pepsin breaks down proteins into smaller pieces. These pieces are called peptides or amino acids.
Pepsin is also used to digest carbohydrates and fat. However, it only digests protein.
Pepsin is broken down into smaller pieces and it also breaks down carbohydrates and fat. This keeps our food from being too hard to digest.
The stomach secretes pepsin after we take a meal. Pepsin is also a digestive enzyme that breaks down proteins.
Some people are born without a stomach. This is called gastroschisis. This condition occurs in babies who are born with a small opening in the umbilical cord. Its also known as omphalocele.
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